Permalink Dismiss Join GitHub today GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. Sign up. Branch: master Find file Copy path. Find file Copy path. Cannot retrieve contributors at this time. Raw Blame History. A single work may be classified as belonging to multiple genres, which may overlap or even seem to be contradictory, such as verseNovel s also classified as poetry and fiction.
Objects often have multiple forms. Most anti-romances take place in urban settings, and frequently feature insanity, depression, and the meaning of reality as major themes. An anti-romance is the antithesis of a romance. Notwithstanding this common association, there are proponents of feminist pornography as a liberating genre, but anti-pornography feminists see a strong link between pornography and rape culture and understand pornography itself a form of violence against women.
Distinctions between erotica and pornography are historically and contextually influenced, often hotly contested, and reflect the subject position of the person making the classification. Notwithstanding the feminist anti-pornography movement of the s associated with thinkers such as Andrea Dworkin, both erotica and pornography have been championed by pro-sex feminists. The term originates in portraiture, where the character sketch is a common academic exercise. Following the translation of Theophrastus's Characters into English, a number of British and American painters attempted to illustrate the "types" of humanity.
As late as William Hogarth, portraitists were doing studies of in his case Nine heads. The artist performing a character sketch attempts to capture an expression or gesture that goes beyond coincident actions and gets to the essence of the individual. Il fait aujourd'hui l'objet d'emplois multiples. In ancient Greek and Roman rhetoric, it was one branch of public speaking, with established rules and conventions found in the works of Menander and Hermogenes.
Famous examples include Pliny's eulogy on Emperor Trajan and Isocrates' oration on the Olympic games of Typically written and published in the Americas and used as a form of protest against the slave trade. Strictly speaking, it refers to text that is inscribed on a tombstone or plaque, but it may also be used in a figurative sense. Some epitaphs are specified by the person themselves before their death, while others are chosen by those responsible for the burial.
An epitaph may be written in prose or in poem verse; poets have been known to compose their own epitaphs prior to their death. Video systems vary greatly in the resolution of the display and refresh rate. Video can be carried on a variety of media, including radio broadcast, tapes, DVDs, computer files etc. The illusion—as in motion pictures in general—is thought to rely on the phi phenomenon. Animators are artists who specialize in the creation of animation. Animation can be recorded with either analogue media, a flip book, motion picture film, video tape, digital media, including formats with animated GIF, Flash animation and digital video.
To display animation, a digital camera, computer, or projector are used along with new technologies that are produced. Animation creation methods include the traditional animation creation method and those involving stop motion animation of two and three-dimensional objects, paper cutouts, puppets and clay figures. Images are displayed in a rapid succession, usually 24, 25, 30, or 60 frames per second. While examples do exist in other countries, it is most commonly set in English boarding schools and mostly written in girls' and boys' subgenres, reflecting the single-sex education typical until the s.
It focuses largely on friendship, honor and loyalty between pupils. Plots involving sports events, bullies, secrets, rivalry and bravery are often used to shape the school story. Kip Wheeler of Carson-Newman University. Playwrights usually design dramas for presentation on a stage in front of an audience. Aristotle called drama "imitated human action. Thespis of Attica sixth century BCE was the first recorded composer of a tragedy.
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Tragedies in their earliest stage were performed by a single actor who interacted with the chorus. The playwright Aeschylus added a second actor on the stage deuteragonist to allow additional conflict and dialogue. Sophocles and Euripides added a third tritagonist. Medieval drama may have evolved independently from rites commemorating the birth and death of Christ. During the late medieval period and the early Renaissance, drama gradually altered to the form we know today.
The mid-sixteenth century in England in particular was one of the greatest periods of world drama.
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In traditional Greek drama, as defined by Aristotle, a play was to consist of five acts and follow the three dramatic unities. In more recent drama i. See also unities, comedy, tragedy, revenge play, miracle play, morality play, and mystery play. An individual work of drama is called a play.
Sentimentalism, which is to be distinguished from sensibility, was a fashion in both poetry and prose fiction beginning in the eighteenth century in reaction to the rationalism of the Augustan Age.
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Sentimental novels relied on emotional response, both from their readers and characters. They feature scenes of distress and tenderness, and the plot is arranged to advance both emotions and actions. The result is a valorization of "fine feeling," displaying the characters as a model for refined, sensitive emotional effect.
The ability to display feelings was thought to show character and experience, and to shape social life and relations. It is a new story that extends or develops characters and situations found in an earlier work.
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Two sequels following an original work together are called a trilogy. Three sequels following an original work together are called a tetralogy. Often sequels have a reputation for inferior artistry compared to the original publication since they are often hastily written from the desire to capitalize on earlier financial success.
In the late twentieth century, it became common retroactively to write "prequels," a later book with the same geographic setting or characters, but which takes place in an earlier time.
Too frequently, students use the term somewhat nebulously. They often mistakenly state, "My philosophy about X is. Prend souvent la forme d'un essai ou d'une lettre. Often takes the form of an essay or letter. These interviews are conducted with people who participated in or observed past events and whose memories and perceptions of these are to be preserved as an aural record for future generations. Oral history strives to obtain information from different perspectives and most of these cannot be found in written sources. Oral history also refers to information gathered in this manner and to a written work published or unpublished based on such data, often preserved in archives and large libraries.
The term is sometimes used in a more general sense to refer to any information about past events that people who experienced them tell anybody else, but professional historians usually consider this to be oral tradition. However, as the Columbia Encyclopedia explains: Primitive societies have long relied on oral tradition to preserve a record of the past in the absence of written histories. In Western society, the use of oral material goes back to the early Greek historians Herodotus and Thucydides, both of whom made extensive use of oral reports from witnesses. The modern concept of oral history was developed in the s by Allan Nevins and his associates at Columbia University.
In literature, fiction generally refers to the novel, novella, short story, and poetic forms. Often include features of lively fiction: character-drawing, narrative, suspense, surprise, humour, and love-situations including transgression of all kinds. It aims to understand the nature of gender inequality. It examines women's and men's social roles, experience, interests, chores, and feminist politics in a variety of fields, such as anthropology and sociology, communication, psychoanalysis, home economics, literature, education, and philosophy.
Elle se distingue du fantastique qui inclut une dimension inexplicable et de la fantasy qui fait souvent intervenir la magie. Science fiction often explores the potential consequences of scientific and other innovations, and has been called a "literature of ideas. The shocking circumstances—extreme poverty, deplorable factory conditions, widespread disease, over-crowded housing, etc.
Solutions are often proposed, but the main goal of an industrial novel is to make the plight of the lower class known to the middle and upper classes in order to promote social change. Originally a member of the surrealist movement, Artaud eventually began to develop his own theatrical theories.
The Theatre of Cruelty can be seen as break with traditional Western theatre, and a means by which artists assault the senses of the audience, and allow them to feel the unexpressed emotions of the subconscious. While Artaud was only able to produce one play in his lifetime that reflected the tenets of the Theatre of Cruelty, the works of many theatre artists reflect his theories. Originally, these riddles were written, often in the form of a poem, but it soon gained popularity as a parlour game in which the clues were mimed rather than written in verse.
Poems in the genre are sometimes also called bucolics. Either simple or complex stanzaic verse-forms may be used, but there will usually be a large cast, multiple voices, dialogue, narration, description, and action in a novelistic manner. Temperance movements typically criticize excessive alcohol consumption, promote complete abstinence teetotalism , or use its political influence to press the government to enact alcohol laws to regulate the availability of alcohol or even its complete prohibition.
The poet Shiki coined the term in the nineteenth century from a longer, more traditional phrase, haikai renga no hokku "the introductory lines of light linked verse". To understand the haiku's history as a genre, peruse the vocabulary entries for its predecessors, the hokku and the haikai renga or renku. The Imagist Movement in 20th century English literature has been profoundly influenced by haiku.
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Contrast haiku with the tanka and the senryu. See also hokku, below, and haikai, above. See also kigo and imagism. You can click here to download a PDF handout summarizing this discussion of haiku, or you can click here to download PDF samples of haiku. Sermons address a Biblical, theological, religious, or moral topic, usually expounding on a type of belief, law or behavior within both past and present contexts. Elements of the sermon often include exposition, exhortation and practical application.
In Christianity, a sermon also known as a homily within some churches is usually delivered in a place of worship from an elevated architectural feature, variously known as a pulpit, a lectern, or an ambo.
http://oceanitesexpeditions.com/1371-cellphone-viber.php The word can mean "conversation", which could mean that early sermons were delivered in the form of question and answer, and that only later did it come to mean a monologue. However, the Bible contains many speeches without interlocution, which some take to be sermons: Moses in Deuteronomy ; Jesus' sermon on the mount in Matthew though the gospel writers do not specifically call it a sermon; the popular descriptor for Christ's speech there came much later ; Peter after Pentecost in Acts though this speech was delivered to nonbelievers and as such is not quite parallel to the popular definition of a sermon.