This pattern of abortion service delivery represents a significant shift away from hospital provided abortion care, which was far more common in the early years after the laws criminalizing abortion were struck down. However, a study by the Guttmacher Institute identified only hospitals that provided abortions in Women in rural areas where there are no abortion clinics, and low-income women who depend on hospital emergency services for medical care, are left unserved when hospitals do not provide abortions. When hospitals do not offer abortions, young physicians they train have no opportunity to learn to provide safe abortions.
The Access Initiative Project works with medical residency programs, educational institutions, health care associations, legal experts, public policy organizations, and interested individuals to ensure that qualified clinicians are able to get the training they need to provide safe abortions and that women can continue to have access to the quality health care they deserve. Statistical information in this fact sheet is based on research by The Guttmacher Institute and other members of the National Abortion Federation.
In many instances, they misinform and intimidate women to achieve their goal. Women describe being harassed, bullied, and given blatantly false information. Many assert that their confidentiality has been violated, and that mistreatment by CPCs has threatened their health. By and large, CPCs are not medical facilities, and most CPC volunteers who work directly with women are not medical professionals. Although CPCs historically have not employed medical staff, there is an emerging trend on the part of CPCs to gain validity by hiring part-time anti-choice medical professionals and purchasing ultrasound equipment.
CPCs have a long history of deception. For example, some CPCs intentionally choose their name to mislead women into believing that they offer a wide range of services, including family planning and abortion care. We Can Help! Call CPCs often design their facilities to look like actual health care facilities with a waiting room, a partitioned check-in desk, and an ultrasound machine.
CPCs often direct outreach towards young and low-income women. They offer free pregnancy tests, locate themselves in close proximity to colleges and universities, and advertise in school newspapers. The Family Research Council encourages CPCs to target individuals or groups a pregnant woman is most likely to consult, primarily mothers and other family members.
Additionally, the Family Research Council found that 40 percent of women turn to their doctors and that intentional marketing to the medical community could significantly increase clientele. Many CPCs are connected with religious organizations, but few disclose that fact in their advertising. In some of their literature CPCs discuss religious messages about abortion and quote biblical passages that they claim show that God does not support abortion. CPCs have used tactics intended to delay and even harass or intimidate women from having abortions. For example, CPCs have been known to extend the waiting period for pregnancy test results to expose women to their anti-choice or religious propaganda.
While women wait, CPCs often present them with videos and pictures depicting gruesome and graphic images of bloody and dismembered fetuses that have allegedly been aborted as a scare tactic in their effort to compel women not to have abortions.
For example, women are told that some birth control methods, especially emergency contraception also known as the morning after pill , are actually abortifacients. CPCs mislead women about abortion procedures. Women are told that abortions are painful, life-threatening procedures that will leave them with long-term emotional, physical, and psychological damage.
The Hotline also provides referrals to high-quality health care providers in the United States and Canada. CPCs have been sued using a number of different legal causes of action. State Attorney Generals have also pursued legal action. Elected officials also can be educated through letters, emails, faxes, phone calls, and visits from their constituents and other concerned citizens.
It is also important to convey support for affirmative bills that are based on medically accurate information and serve to keep abortion safe, legal, and accessible. Women who have had first-hand experience with CPCs are encouraged to report and document their encounters. These stories of actual encounters help tell the truth about CPCs, and can be effective in educating the media and policy makers.
Residents can check their local Yellow Pages to see if CPCs in their area are involved with false or deceptive advertising, such as listing themselves under abortion services or abortion. In the event that that they are using such tactics, the Yellow Pages, the Better Business Bureau, and other local organizations supporting the CPCs should be contacted and a change in listing should be requested. Individuals can also take part in public education campaigns about CPCs.
This work could include submitting opinion pieces or letters to the editor, making informative posters, distributing brochures, coordinating discussion sessions, or hosting a forum on CPCs. If you are interested in finding out more about any of these activities, please contact NAF at or via email at naf prochoice. Four in every five Americans begin having intercourse before age Many of these young women have little understanding of their bodies and have begun having sexual intercourse before knowing about ways to prevent pregnancy.
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Because teens in other developed countries receive more education about sexuality and have more access to contraception and family planning services, they have much lower rates of pregnancy and abortion. For example, in the Netherlands, where teenage sexual activity is about the same as in the U. Teenagers with unplanned pregnancies face difficult choices. If a teen gives birth and keeps the baby, she will be much more likely than other young women to:.
An Overview of Abortion Laws
Children born to teenage mothers are more likely than children of older mothers to suffer significant disadvantages: medical, psychological, economic, and educational. Such laws include:. Abortion providers encourage teenagers to tell a parent or another important family member about their plans, and most teens do. The younger the teen, the higher the likelihood that she has told her mother about the situation.
Those young women who do not or cannot tell their parents, however, often have important reasons such as a family history of alcoholism, emotional or physical abuse, or incest. To involve such parents could invite further abuse of the teenager and other family members. Rather than tell their parents — for whatever reason — some teenagers resort to unsafe, illegal abortions or try to perform the abortion themselves.
In doing so, they risk serious injury and death or, in some cases, criminal charges. Doctors recommend that when a woman becomes pregnant — whether she plans to give birth or have an abortion — she seek medical care immediately. In the case of abortion, her risk is lowest if she seeks care in the early weeks of pregnancy. When teens know that health care providers are forced by law to tell their parents before providing services, they are less willing to get health care related to sexual activity.
Going to court is usually intimidating to even the most sophisticated adults, who generally have an attorney to represent them.
For a pregnant teen to use judicial bypass, she must not only find a judge, she must work her way through a confusing legal system and face intense, sometimes judgmental, and often traumatic questioning by strangers. Indeed, the poorest, youngest, least experienced teenagers are least able to use judicial bypass, and thereby become the most likely to end up becoming teen parents or victims of black-market abortion.
According to judicial bypass laws, a judge should decide whether the young woman is mature enough to make the decision to have an abortion, or whether it is in her best interests not to involve her parents. They do not address how this young woman will be able to make parental decisions for a child of her own if she is legally barred from making them for herself. In response, she may feel forced to have a baby against her wishes; her parents may turn their backs on her or force her out of their home; or she might run away from home to face her pregnancy alone.
Some teens may resort to a secret, unsafe, illegal, or self-induced abortion if her way to a confidential, legal abortion is blocked. Any additional state laws restricting abortion such as mandatory waiting periods between abortion counseling and abortion procedures are doubly burdensome for teenage women who have fewer resources, less privacy, and less ability to meet all the requirements. Laws in 46 states and the District of Columbia allow mothers who are under 18 to place their children for adoption without involving their parents, but many of those same states require parental notification or consent before these young women can obtain abortions.
This sets up a standard that clearly favors one resolution over another, restricts the reproductive choices of young women, and forces some to bear children that they do not want to bear.
I need an abortion with pills — Women on Web
Medicaid is the largest health care program in the United States, and covers more than 50 million people. Medicaid coverage is critical to the health care of millions of women.
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More than 16 million women receive their basic health and long-term coverage through Medicaid. Currently, all state Medicaid programs must cover pregnant women who meet the federal income requirements. Many states have elected to cover women with incomes that are higher than the federal requirements. However, this coverage is not without limits, and abortion services are among the provisions that are most stringently regulated.
This resulted in more people eligible for Medicaid. These cuts will especially impact women.
In , Representative Henry Hyde R-IL introduced an amendment that later passed to limit federal funding for abortion care. Effective in , this provision, known as the Hyde Amendment, specifies what abortion services are covered under Medicaid. Over the past two decades, Congress has debated the limited circumstances under which federal funding for abortion should be allowed. For a brief period of time, coverage included cases of rape, incest, life endangerment, and physical health damage to the woman.
However, beginning in , the physical health exception was excluded, and in rape and incest exceptions were also excluded. In September , Congress rewrote the provision to include Medicaid funding for abortions in cases where the pregnancy resulted from rape or incest. The present version of the Hyde Amendment requires coverage of abortion in cases of rape, incest, and life endangerment.
How to get a safe abortion?
The first challenges to the Hyde Amendment came shortly after its implementation. Several lawsuits have been brought in individual states arguing that state constitutions afford greater protection for privacy and equal protection than the federal Constitution. The Hyde Amendment affects only federal spending. States are free to use their own funds to cover additional abortion services. For example, Hawaii, New York, and Washington have enacted laws funding abortions for health reasons.
Other states, such as Maryland, cover abortions for women whose pregnancies are affected by fetal abnormalities or present serious health risks. These expansions are important steps toward ensuring equal access to health care for all women. Prior to the expansion of the Hyde Amendment, thirty states chose not to use their own Medicaid funds to cover abortions for pregnancies resulting from rape or incest. Unique barriers face low-income women accessing comprehensive reproductive health care.
Barriers to abortion access such as the lack of providers, state laws delaying women from receiving timely care, and funding restrictions like the Hyde Amendment fall disproportionately on low-income women who have limited resources with which to overcome these obstacles. For women who are struggling to make ends meet and who do not have insurance that covers abortion care, the legal right to have an abortion does not guarantee access.
The restrictions imposed by the Hyde Amendment unfairly jeopardize the health and well-being of low-income women and their families. Women who do not have the ability to pay for abortion services may resort to self-inducing an abortion or obtaining unsafe, illegal abortions from untrained practitioners.
The current restrictive version of the Hyde Amendment does not provide coverage for abortions in cases of fetal abnormalities, or health exceptions apart from life-threatening conditions. Removing funding restrictions for abortion care is an integral step in ensuring that abortion remains safe, legal, and accessible. American women have had the legal right to choose abortion for more than thirty years.
Most women would not tell their family about abortion
To achieve reproductive equality for all women, restrictive barriers such as the Hyde Amendment must be removed. It is a federal program devoted solely to providing family planning services. It was first enacted in with broad bipartisan support. The program provides federal funds for project grants to public and private nonprofit organizations for the provision of family planning information and services.
Community-based providers including Planned Parenthood affiliates, university health centers, independent clinics, hospitals, public and nonprofit agencies, and state and local health departments are eligible for Title X funds.