Language of Evaluation: Appraisal in English.
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Palgrave Macmillan. Discourse markers and coherence relations: Comparison across markers, languages and modalities. Linguistics and the Human Sciences, 6. Trvanac, Rada and Taboada, Maite The contribution of non-veridical rhetorical relations to evaluation in discourse. Revisiting this concept could shed light on the academic language skills necessary for communication in bilingual classrooms.
A first step in this long journey could be a deeper comprehension of the academic linguistic or cognitive discourse functions Dalton-Puffer, functions. This paper approaches the function of explaining. Lessons were transcribed to create a corpus. How many occurrences of the academic function of explanation are there in the corpus? What is the linguistic form of these explanations? Is there any signalling language or metalanguage around them? The findings show a rich frequency of this academic function in contrast to the very limited comparable previous studies in bilingual classrooms Dalton-Puffer, Bar graphs of frequencies and distribution of types per lecturer are presented.
Regarding qualitative aspects, the samples found offer insights about how explaining is performed in bilingual content lectures.
The form of these explanations and the metalanguage signaling them are analyzed and illustrated with numerous examples from the corpus. Departing from the description of the explanations present in lecturer discourse some reflections about their potential for the learning of content and language are provided.
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The conclusions section suggests some pedagogical implications for the linguistic education of both students and lecturers in English medium instruction environments. References Brown, G. Hargie Ed. The Handbook of Communication Skills. Cummins, J. Bilingualism and special education: Issues in assessment and pedagogy. Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters. Dafouz, E. English as the medium of instruction in Spanish contexts: A look at teacher discourse. Ruiz de Zarobe, J. Sierra, y F. Bern: Peter Lang.
Dalton-Puffer, C. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing. A Construct of cognitive discourse functions for coneptualising content-language integration in CLIL and multilingual education. European Journal of Applied Linguistics 1 2 , Gestures is one of the non-verbal systems that has received more attention in the investigation of language learning events Roth, Nevertheless, to study the development of ILP from a multimodal perspective involves important decisions in the design of the research.
The purpose of this paper is to present a methodological proposal to explore the spoken speech act performance of complaints and responses to complaints of FL learners, with the examination of speech and gestures in interaction. We present the design and analysis of a spoken corpus of role-plays of complaints performed by Spanish learners of English.
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A contrastive study, based on the variables of language proficiency and gender, was carried out to shed some light into the study of multimodal interlanguage complaints. The corpus has been video recorded, transcribed and annotated in a systematic way using software that helps us to measure multimodal interaction. Hence, this study follows a qualitative and quantitative approach. Gullberg, M. Gesture as a communication strategy in second language discourse: a study of learners of French and Swedish.
Lund: Lund University Press. Jewitt, C. Multimodal teaching and learning. Chapelle Ed. The encyclopedia of applied linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Laforest, M. Scenes of family life: Complaining in everyday conversation. Journal of Pragmatics, 34 10 , Roth, W. Gestures: Their role in teaching and learning. Review of Educational Research, 71 3 , Streeck, J.
The manu-facture of meaning. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. However, the development of behaviours, skills, and abilities did not gain the importance they deserve until the twenty-first century. Globalization and technology have made intercultural encounters more frequent than ever, which has led to a new focus on language teaching. The goal of communicative competence of the s has largely been replaced by the goal of intercultural communicative competence; thus the aim of language teaching is to enable students to negotiate cultural meanings and communicate effectively when it comes to interacting with speakers from other cultures.
Despite the fact that the Framework recognises and endorses the acquisition of a cultural component, it does not establish specific descriptors for how this is to be achieved. This model is used to analyse the cultural content of six English language textbooks for B1 and B2-level adults. The results of the study will prove extremely useful, in that they can reveal which aspect of culture receives most coverage and whether there is any difference depending on the level.
The ultimate aim is to establish whether the cultural learning taking place is appropriate and conducive to the development of intercultural communicative competence, as set out in the CEFR. References: Byram, M. Teaching and assessing intercultural communicative competence. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. Council of Europe.
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Common European framework of reference for languages: Learning, teaching, assessment. Howatt, A. A History of English Language Teaching. Oxford: O. RESLA 28 1 : Lee, K. English Teaching: Practice and Critique 8 1 : Paige, R. Jorstad, L. Paulson, F. Paige, D.
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Yershova eds. Culture as the core: Integrating culture into the language curriculum. La muestra incluye cuatro grupos correspondientes a niveles consecutivos de una escuela oficial de idiomas catalana The shift of paradigm from monolingualism to multilingualism in language acquisition research has contributed enormously in the field of multilingual education.
This is what it is known as translanguaging pedagogy. Therefore, the present study aims at examining translanguaging practices taking into account the six metafunctions proposed by Garcia, Makar, Starcevic and Terry in their study. Qualitative data for our study have been collected in 6 EFL sessions including a total amount of 2 teachers and 61 students. These learners were enrolled in the second year age 4.
The results derived from the study offer very interesting examples of translanguaging practices in the EFL classroom and shows that the alternation of languages does occur in order to accomplish different strategies and functions. As a pedagogical implication, we propose that a monolingual behavior should be avoided in the multilingual classroom.
Translanguaging: Language, Bilingualism and Education. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. The translanguaging of Latino kindergartners. In Rothman, J. Bilingual Youth: Spanish in English speaking societies pp. Pedagogies and practices in multilingual classrooms: singularities and pluralities. The Modern Language Journal, 95 3 , Jones, B. Language Arrangements within Bilingual Education. Thomas and I. Mennen eds. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. Translanguaging and formulaic speech in the L3 classroom.
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Fumero, M. Lojendio, S. Burgess, E. Sosa and A.